What is
bladder weakness?

Bladder weakness, medically known as urinary incontinence, is the involuntary leakage of urine. Put simply, it means that your pelvic floor muscles have become weakened/damaged resulting in leaking urine when you don’t intend to.

Pelvic floor weakness is a much more common problem than most people realise. It is estimated that 1 in 3 women and 1 in 10 men1 will suffer with some form of incontinence during their lifetime.

It can have a profoundly negative and distressing effect on many aspects of your everyday life and can be very difficult to discuss. While it is often thought of as an age-related problem, the causes are diverse and it can occur at any time throughout adult life. It is important to understand that it should not be tolerated – it can be treated successfully.

For more information on bladder weakness please watch Dr Ciara Kelly’s video with Laura Haugh from Mummypages.ie which answers frequently asked questions on this topic. 

What are the main causes of pelvic floor weakness?

Pregnancy And Childbirth

A woman’s body goes through a lot of changes during pregnancy and childbirth. The combination of hormonal changes, pressure on your bladder from your womb and childbirth itself can all weaken your pelvic floor and lead to urinary incontinence.


Menopause causes hormonal and physical change in a woman’s body. Most importantly there is less oestrogen produced, a hormone that helps keep the lining of the bladder and urethra healthy. Deterioration of these tissues can lead to incontinence.


In women, the bladder and uterus are supported by many of the same muscles and ligaments. Hysterectomy surgery can damage the supporting pelvic floor muscles, which can lead to incontinence.

Enlarged Prostate/ Prostate Surgery

Urinary incontinence is often experienced by men who have had surgery or radiation treatment for prostate cancer or have an enlarged prostate.


Being overweight can put extra pressure on abdominal and pelvic floor muscles, lessening your ability to control your bladder.

Weak Pelvic Floor Muscles

The pelvic floor muscles support the pelvic organs and help to control your bladder and bowel. Weak muscles can result in loss of bladder control.

Stress Incontinence

Stress incontinence is the most common kind of urinary incontinence and can be described as the unintentional or uncontrollable leakage of urine in certain circumstances. When the bladder and pelvic floor muscles are placed under sudden extra pressure urine can leak out. Common actions that can trigger a leak are coughing, sneezing, laughing, lifting and exercising.

The amount of urine that leaks depends on how full the bladder is and how affected the muscles are. It can range from a few drops to a larger flow.

Both men and women can have episodes of stress incontinence however it is much more common in women with pregnancy, childbirth and the menopause being common causes. Among men, prostate enlargement and prostate surgery can often be the cause.

First-line treatment for stress incontinence involves strengthening the pelvic floor muscles and Vital Compact does just that. Take a closer look at how it works (link to product page) to see how it can help you regain control.

stress incontinence
urge incontinence

Urge Incontinence

Urge incontinence occurs when you have a sudden urge to pass urine and sometimes leak urine before you have time to get to the toilet. With this type of incontinence the bladder contracts when it should not, causing the leak. 

The bladder muscle should be relaxed as the bladder gradually fills up and when it is approximately half full, you start to get a feeling of wanting to pass urine but with this condition the bladder muscle seems to give the message to the brain that the bladder is fuller than it actually is. This in turn results in the bladder contracting before it should, giving you the feeling that you have to pass urine urgently.

If you have urge incontinence you may also tend to pass urine more often than normal sometimes several times at night as well as numerous times during the day.

Vital Compact can treat urge incontinence by delivering a gentle electrical signal to the nerve that controls bladder muscle activity. This helps the nerve to relax and reduces overactivity in the bladder, reducing that sudden “I need to go” feeling.

Mixed Incontinence

Because mixed incontinence is typically a combination of stress and urge incontinence, it shares symptoms of both.

Stress incontinence can be identified by symptoms such as leaking when you cough, sneeze or exercise. Urge incontinence symptoms include a sudden and urgent desire to pass urine, which sometimes causes an uncontrolled leak.

Treatment for mixed incontinence will require a combination approach and Vital Compact offers specific programmes for both types. Usually one type is more bothersome than the other so treatment for mixed incontinence consists of a combination of both the stress and urge programmes.

stress incontinence

Sexual Dysfunction and Pelvic Floor

Sexual dysfunction is when you have a problem that prevents you from wanting or enjoying a healthy sex life. Your sex life can be greatly affected if your pelvic floor muscles are weakened or damaged. Sexual sensation can be reduced, muscles feel slack, both resulting in an overall lack of sexual satisfaction.

Men and women of all ages experience sexual dysfunction for various different reasons and it can have a distressing effect on a relationship.

Strengthening the pelvic floor muscles is a key factor in improving sexual function and you will soon start to feel the benefits of regular, targeted pelvic floor exercise.2 Anyone can strengthen and improve their pelvic floor for better sex and health in general and while the causes of problems with sexual function can be complex, maintaining a healthy pelvic floor is important for normal sexual function.

Some signs that can indicate a pelvic floor problem

  • Accidentally leaking urine when you exercise, laugh, cough or sneeze
  • Needing to get to the toilet in a hurry or not making it there in time
  • Frequently needing to go to the toilet both during the day and at night
  • Finding it difficult to empty your bladder or bowel
  • Accidentally passing wind
  • A prolapse
  • Vital Compact offers a clinically proven therapy developed by Bio-Medical Research Ltd (BMR), specialists in electrical stimulation products.
  • BMR has over 50 years experience in delivering effective rehabilitative health solutions.
  • Our products are supported by strong, clinical evidence and subjected to controlled product trials.
  • Thousands of doctors and physiotherapists recommend BMR products to help improve the lives of over 200,000 patients every year.
  • Every product undergoes the same rigorous research and development process, so when you choose Vital Compact, you can be confident that it's been developed and manufactured to the highest standards and has proven to be safe and effective.
  • Our team of scientists and R&D experts work closely with both local and international universities to conduct sophisticated clinical trials.

The key benefits
of using Vital Compact

  • It treats the underlying causes and not just the symptoms of urinary incontinence
  • It is an effective treatment you can use in the comfort of your own home
  • It is clinically proven to reduce leaks
  • No uncomfortable internal probe is required
  • It is a safe, drug-free therapy
  • It can reduce your reliance and spend on absorbency pads
  • It targets the right muscles in the right way every time
  • It is suitable for both women and men

How Vital compact
can help

Vital Compact is a breakthrough device that delivers effective muscle stimulation to the pelvic floor muscles without the need for any unpleasant internal probes. Instead, it uses patented Multipath™ neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles, reducing leaks and helping you to regain control and confidence.

Watch the video

Multipath technology

Multipath technology

Vital compact
Strong and effective muscle rehabilitation

Vital Compact offers strong, effective muscle rehabilitation of your pelvic floor muscles. It works by activating and exercising these muscles using stimulated contraction and relaxation cycles. These cycles help to repair, maintain and build pelvic floor muscle strength.

Buy it in the Shop